November gardening tips
Flowers: jobs for this month
Plant bulbs for early spring flowers such as daffodils, tulips and crocus.
Tidy the lawn, rake up leaves and create a leaf heap if you have an out of the way area in the garden that can use. Leaf mould makes an excellent soil conditioner.
Prune deciduous trees, ornamental grasses can be left and pruned in spring.
Plant herbaceous perennials, shrubs, deciduous trees, roses and fruit trees. Finish planting pansies, wallflowers and primulas.
Bring in plants that are susceptible to frost, such as dahlias. Leave the tubers to dry and store in a box covered over with dry compost. The box then needs to be placed in a cool frost-free place for example a shed or garage.
Prune roses to avoid wind rock damage. Dispose of fallen leaves – if they are diseased with Black Spot or infected with fungus, bin or burn them.
Perennials that are over a few years old can be lifted and divided. There may not be time to divide all the perennials that need it before winter sets in, as the soil still needs some warmth. Depending on the weather you can start again in late February or early March. Leaving perennials with seed heads intact will provide food for foraging garden birds, the garden will look colourful in winter especially on frosty days when the stalks and seed heads stand out and sparkle.
Fruit & veg: jobs for this month
Prune fruit trees between now and early March.
In milder areas now is the time to sow broad beans. Sowing autumn suitable varieties will give you an early crop next year.
Harvest winter vegetables such as cabbage, cauliflower, kale and brussel sprouts.