The gardening year begins with a dream, an anticipation, and follows through with hard work, rewarded with fruits and flowers.
Dig over any in gaps borders, removing the roots of perennial weeds.
If the ground isn’t frozen you can plant bare-root roses, shrubs, hedging and ornamental trees.
Plant lily bulbs in pots and in borders during mild spells.
Check that small alpines don’t become smothered by fallen leaves and other debris.
Cut off old leaves of hellebores that produce flowers from ground level to expose the flowers.
Start cutting back grasses and other perennials left for winter interest. Alternatively, you can leave them a few more months to provide cover for wildlife.
Repair lawn edges, especially around flower and shrub beds, with turves cut from other areas of the garden.
Remember not to walk on frosty grass as this will burn or scorch the grass.
Harvest leeks, parsnips, sprouts, kale, cabbage, cauliflower, swede and turnip.
Continue to winter-prune apple and pear trees to remove any dead, damaged, congested and diseased branches.
Sow winter salads in a greenhouse, conservatory or on a sunny windowsill, for harvests within a few weeks.
Clean all your old pots and seed trays, so that they are ready for next spring. Thorough cleaning will reduce pest and disease problems and will reduce your propagation and sowing problems.
Top up bird baths with fresh water daily and melt ice with warm water on frosty days. Ensure that bird tables and feeders are kept clean and regularly topped up with food.